An iOS 4 iPad Multiple Component UIPickerView Example (Xcode 4)

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Unlike the UIDatePicker class, which is pre-configured by Apple specifically for date and time selection, the UIPickerView class can be configured to meet the specific requirements of the iPad application developer. Having provided a basic overview of pickers and an example of the use of the DatePicker in Using the UIPickerView and UIDatePicker Components in iOS 4 iPad Applications (Xcode 4), the objective of this chapter is to provide a worked example of the UIPickerView class in action.

Contents




[edit] Creating the iPad PickerView Project

The example application in this chapter is a very basic product selection application (in this case the various models of iPad available) designed to demonstrate the implementation of a UIPickerView object configured with two components. As selections are made from the Picker’s components, information about the selections will appear on UILabel objects located beneath the UIPickerView object in the user interface.

Begin by creating a new iOS iPad project named picker using the View-based Application template.

[edit] UIPickerView Delegate and DataSource

Before starting on the project it is worth taking some time to talk about the delegate and datasource of the UIPickerView class. In order to obtain the options to be displayed to the user, the PickerView needs a data source. This data source takes the form of a protocol that defines the methods that must be implemented in order to provide the Picker with data information. At the minimum the class designated as the data source must implement the following methods:

  • numberOfComponentsInPickerView: - Called by the PickerView to identify the number of components (i.e. selection wheels) that are to be displayed to the user.
  • numberOfRowsInComponent: - Informs the PickerView of the number of rows (in other words the selection options) that are present in a specified component.
  • titleForRow: - Called by the PickerView to identify the string that is to be displayed for a specified row in a specific component.

In addition to a data source, the PickerView also needs a mechanism for notifying the application code when a selection has been made by the user. It achieves this by calling the didSelectRow method of the class declared as the PickerView’s delegate. In order to fully implement a PickerView, therefore, it is necessary for the object to be assigned a data source and delegate. Typically the view controller responsible for the PickerView is the best place to implement these two protocols.

[edit] The pickerViewController.h File

The first step is to implement the declarations in the pickerViewController.h file. Since we plan on making our view controller both the delegate and data source for the UIPickerView instance the view controller must be declared as implementing both the UIPickerViewDelegate and UIPickerViewDataSource protocols.

Our application also needs outlets to the UIPickerView and the two label objects that will be placed into the user interface. In addition, two arrays are needed to store the values for the product model and memory configurations respectively:

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

@interface pickerViewController : UIViewController
    <UIPickerViewDelegate, UIPickerViewDataSource>
{
    UIPickerView *modelPicker;
    NSArray *modelArray;
    NSArray *memoryArray;
    UILabel *modelLabel;
    UILabel *memoryLabel;
}
@property (nonatomic, retain) IBOutlet UIPickerView *modelPicker;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSArray *modelArray;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSArray *memoryArray;
@property (nonatomic, retain) IBOutlet UILabel *modelLabel;
@property (nonatomic, retain) IBOutlet UILabel *memoryLabel;
@end  

[edit] Designing the User Interface

Select the pickerViewController.xib file to load it into Interface Builder. Drag and drop a UIPickerView from the Object library (View -> Utilities -> Object Library) onto the view and position it at the top of the view. Also add two labels and position them beneath the PickerView object. Stretch the right and left hand edges of the labels until the dotted blue margin line appears. Using the Attribute Inspector (View -> Utilities -> Attribute Inspector), configure centered alignment on the labels and increase the font size to 24pt.

Once completed, the view should appear as illustrated in the following figure:


The user interface layout of an iPad UIPickerView example


Next, Ctrl-click on the File’s Owner icon and drag the resulting line to the PickerView component in the view. After releasing the line, select the modelPicker outlet from the menu. Repeat these steps to connect the modelLabel and memoryLabel outlets to the label objects.

Next, select the PickerView component in the View window and display the Connections Inspector (View -> Utilities -> Connections Inspector). Click in the round circle to the right of the dataSource outlet in the inspector window and drag the line to the File’s Owner object. Repeat this task for the delegate outlet.

The user interface is now designed and the outlets and action connected.

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[edit] Initializing the Arrays

The data that will be used in our application is stored in two arrays, one for the iPad model and the other for the corresponding memory configuration. These arrays need to be initialized when the application loads, so the necessary code should be added to the viewDidLoad method of the pickerViewController.m file (be sure to remove the comment markers, /* and */, from around this method before adding the code). Now is also a good time to add the appropriate @synthesize directives:

#import "pickerViewController.h"

@implementation pickerViewController
@synthesize modelPicker, memoryArray, modelArray;
@synthesize memoryLabel, modelLabel;
.
.
- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    self.modelArray = [[NSArray alloc] initWithObjects:
                       @"iPad WiFi", @"iPad WiFi+3G (AT&T)",
                       @"iPad WiFi+3G (Verizon)", nil];

    self.memoryArray = [[NSArray alloc] initWithObjects:
                       @"16GB", @"32GB", @"64GB", nil];

    [super viewDidLoad];
}
.
.
@end

[edit] Implementing the DataSource Protocol

The next step is to implement the methods that comprise the UIPickerViewDataSource protocol. Since we have declared the pickerViewController class as the data source we need to implement the methods in the pickerViewController.m file:

#pragma mark -
#pragma mark PickerView DataSource

- (NSInteger)numberOfComponentsInPickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView {

    return 2;
}

- (NSInteger)pickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView numberOfRowsInComponent:(NSInteger)component {

    if (component == 0) {
        return [modelArray count];
    }
    return [memoryArray count];
}

- (NSString *)pickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView
             titleForRow:(NSInteger)row
            forComponent:(NSInteger)component
{
    if (component == 0) {
        return [modelArray objectAtIndex:row];
    }
    return [memoryArray objectAtIndex:row];
} 

The first method simply returns 2 since our picker has two components. The second method returns the number of rows in each component by counting the number of elements in the corresponding array, using the component argument passed through to the method to identify the component for which the information is being requested. Finally, the titleForRow method returns the corresponding model name or memory for the requested component and row using component and row arguments as references.

[edit] Implementing the Delegate

For the purposes of this example the only delegate method we need to implement is the one that gets called when the user makes a selection from the PickerView component. The code for this method also belongs in the pickerViewController.m file and should be implemented as follows:

#pragma mark -
#pragma mark PickerView Delegate

-(void)pickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView didSelectRow:(NSInteger)row
      inComponent:(NSInteger)component
{
    if (component == 0)
    {
        NSString *resultString = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:
             @"Model: %@",
             [modelArray objectAtIndex:row]];
        modelLabel.text = resultString;
        [resultString release];
    } else {
        NSString *resultString = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:
             @"Memory: %@",
             [memoryArray objectAtIndex:row]];
        memoryLabel.text = resultString;
        [resultString release];
    }
}

This method uses the component argument to identify whether the model or memory component was changed by the user. The row argument is then used to extract the value from the corresponding array. This is used to construct a string which is then displayed on the appropriate label and, finally, the string object released.

[edit] Releasing Memory

Before testing the application it is vital that any memory allocated during the application lifespan is released appropriately. To do so, edit the pickerViewController.m file and modify the dealloc and viewDidUnload methods as follows:

- (void)dealloc
{
    [memoryLabel release];
    [modelLabel release];
    [modelArray release];
    [memoryArray release];
    [super dealloc];
}
.
.
- (void)viewDidUnload
{
    [super viewDidUnload];
    // Release any retained subviews of the main view.
    // e.g. self.myOutlet = nil;
    self.memoryArray = nil;
    self.modelArray = nil;
    self.modelLabel = nil;
    self.memoryLabel = nil;
}

[edit] Testing the Application

Once the code changes have been made and the corresponding files saved, click on the Run button located in the Xcode project window toolbar. The application should load into the iOS iPad Simulator where selections made in the picker components should be reflected in the labels:

An iPad UIPickerView with multiple components


Purchase the fully updated iOS 7 edition of this book in eBook ($12.99) or Print ($32.99) format

iOS 7 App Development Essentails Print and eBook (ePub/PDF/Kindle) editions contain 89 chapters.

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PreviousTable of ContentsNext
Using the UIPickerView and UIDatePicker Components in iOS 4 iPad Applications (Xcode 4)Working with Directories on the iPad with iOS 4 (Xcode 4)
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